The Benefits of Marijuana Justify Its Legality - Essay Sample

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On June 26, the International Day for the Fight against the Misuse and Illicit Trafficking in Drugs is commemorated, substances that continue to pose a danger to the health of humanity must, therefore, remain controlled. This is stated by the United Nations Organization, which adds that, despite the efforts of the international community, this problem continues to seriously endanger the health, public safety and well-being of humanity, particularly children and young people. The cannabis plant is a very particular plant in the history of humankind. It is the oldest domesticated plant known to man; it has about 8 thousand years and, the uses it has had in this period have been very varied, very diverse and correspond to both medical aspects but also very important cultural and industrial. For some time now, a debate has been emerging that for a long time, if not always, seemed nonexistent: that of the legalization of Marijuana. There are several reasons why Marijuana should be legalized. This essay will focus on two main benefits. First, it will reduce drug trafficking and secondly, it has medicinal value.

The legalization of cannabis would begin the process of definitive disappearance of drug trafficking; not of organized crime, not of criminality, not of human evil (which are well programmed in our genes), but of drug trafficking, that is, of that crime that is dedicated to the illegal production and sale of drugs, and that it causes, like no other type of criminal activity, an exacerbated level of violence (Alder et al. 25). The regulation, by the State, of illegal drugs (starting with marijuana) would be a surgical act of social healing, which would extinguish drug trafficking as a species. The narcotic is a specimen that only survives in a habitat of illegality, we remove that habitat, we expel it from its biosphere, and it will die of starvation.

Just as there is a history of art or politics, there is also a universal history of crime (of infamy, Borges would say), which has evolved but has not disappeared or will ever disappear. However, there are more devastating and bloody delinquencies than others. Drug trafficking is one of the worst; It is the type of organized crime that most fiercely struggles with each other to control territories and markets, the one that earns more money, the one that best corrupts and the more it attacks the authorities and the civilian population, the one that is better organized (Branislav et al. 11). Drug trafficking acts as a company is structured like an army, commercially raises mega-organized networks with enormous efficiency; all this in the space of illegality, which prohibition clings to preserve and that in doing so allows drug trafficking to survive and act with freedom. Legalizing drugs, then, means emptying the water from the tank where drug trafficking swims at will to drown it once and for all. There is no other way to eliminate it.

The legalization of marijuana involves regulating its production, distribution, and consumption, as is currently done with legal drugs and any other merchandise. It is about taking control of this productive-distributive process from drug trafficking, which is currently carried out in an atmosphere that is irremediably murky, violent, corrupt, without quality control or tax encumbrances and in a situation of risk for the consumer who is exposed to consume adulterated substances and to be imprisoned or extorted by the police (Scott, John & Sion 120). The regulation involves regulating the conditions in which the drug is produced and sold, that is, offering information about its content (as with medicines and food), regulate and monitor the production process (harvest, cultivation, manufacturing, packaging, etc.) so that the product meets quality controls and does not damage the ecology; In terms of marketing, it is necessary to establish criteria to control advertising, regulate consumption and tax the merchant.

The legalization will force the State to supervise and regulate the entire productive and commercial process of one or more drugs; it will remove the consumer from the rarefied catacombs where the illegal sale of substances takes place; it will allow the government to save formidable sums of money before destined to "the war on drugs", so that from now on it will be used (among many other things) in reporting on the effects of drugs and in addressing abuses in consumption; it will also serve to protect minors who will no longer be besieged by illegal sellers and who will no longer have so many impulses to experiment with previously banned substances (Pertwee 50). The regulation will not end consumption but neither will it stimulate it. Recent historical experiences that have partially liberalized the use of marijuana and other drugs - Portugal and the Netherlands, for example - show that greater accessibility to buying a previously illegal drug does not necessarily generate an increase in consumption.

Prohibitionism refuses to regulate illegal drugs but is not willing to prohibit legal ones, which harm health more than marijuana. Their position on drugs - legal or not - is contradictory and stems more from an obsession to prescribe drugs that were considered pernicious a century ago, than to define clear and rational criteria of how to coexist with them. What is ultimately the principle governing the prohibitionist discourse: prohibit all types of "harmful" drugs or allow and regulate some and prohibit others? If this is the case, why is it in favor of regulating the most harmful drugs and is opposed to regulating the less harmful ones such as marijuana?

If the prohibitionist action is based on the criterion that everything that harms the health of the human being should be prohibited, then it would have to propose the prohibition of most of the foods, soft drinks, candies and patent medicines, because consumed in excess or poorly administered cause severe diseases and even death; also automobiles, motorcycles, airplanes, helicopters, railroads, racing cars, diving, stoves, heaters, kitchen knives, scissors, nail clippers, since all of them can cause physical damage and death; do not forget the stairs because we can slip and die, and the chewing gum because we can bite our tongues. I should also ban life because inevitably it leads to death.

Prohibitionism is an irrational and contradictory discourse that is founded not on reasons or on a coherent logic but on visceral moods, on reflex acts derived from panic and the fear of living, as well as in a capital blindness of wanting the human world and nature are perfect, inoffensive and without risks and vicissitudes, which is mathematically impossible (Cohen 40). To this, of course, we must add the political and economic uses that public authorities reluctant to regulate with prohibition, which is why they also cling to it.

In short, the legalization of illegal drugs means, among other things, three: 1.The elimination of crime that is dedicated to drug trafficking. 2. The fact that it is preferable for the State to legalize and regulate the production and marketing of substances that are going to be consumed legally or illegally anyway, to a carnal crime, which will never be eliminated by police or military means, control this process. 3. Respect for the freedom of the individual to choose for himself what seems best to him so long as it does not affect third parties, as established by the elementary principles of liberal democracy, of which the countries that have long been followers They have created and applied irrationally - and anti-liberal - prohibition.

Other reasons that justify the legalization of Marijuana include: the war on drugs is financially unsustainable. This marker quantifies the spending in the war against drugs in the USA so far this year; specifically more than 40,000 million dollars per year. Do not forget that the taxpayer bears all these burdensome expenses through taxes. Organized crime would also be eroded. When an asset is declared illegal, who is typically responsible for distributing it and offering it? As should be obvious, then those experts in skipping the law. Prices, in addition to prohibited goods or products, rise dramatically, partly due to the high costs of operating outside the law (Charles et al. 15). Thus, with the prohibition, we attract the experts in skipping the law with the extra appeal of huge benefits. Legalizing drugs, any person respectful of law and order could attend the open market of these goods and products. As Friedman said, the illegalization stimulates the cartelization of the drug market since it is not subject to free competition

For years, various investigations have shown that some components of cannabis are effective for the treatment of various conditions, particularly chronic pain. Some of the accepted uses of medical marijuana are: Cancer patients who receive chemotherapy treatment commonly suffer from nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite, symptoms that can be counteracted by the use of cannabis. It also helps in treatment of multiple sclerosis (David et al. 3520). The analgesic properties of marijuana can help treat the chronic pain that afflicts some patients with this neurodegenerative condition. Also, studies show that marijuana is effective in combating muscle spasticity that causes the condition, and it is believed that it can stop the neurological damage and muscle spasms it causes (Scott, John & Sion 121). Studies suggest that the medical use of cannabis helps decrease intraocular pressure in eyes with glaucoma. Although few studies have been conducted in the United States, marijuana is considered an effective treatment for migraine attacks. Recently, a study in California published in The Journal of Neuroscience highlighted the positive results of a marijuana treatment in migraine patients. Various investigations establish that cannabis derivatives can be used to successfully treat the symptoms of conditions such as irritable bowel disease (IBS) and Crohn's disease.

Prohibiting substances that exist in nature is ridiculous in that they will not cease to exist. The only way to know how to coexist with these substances is to legalize them, in the same way, that alcohol could be seen as harmful to health, but its prohibition only leads (and has led) to all the consequences mentioned. Just as we know how to coexist with alcohol, we must know how to live with any other substance. No one denies how harmful drugs can be. The point is to recognize that everything that is probably wrong with them is certainly worse with its prohibition.

Works Cited

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Branislav Kolena, Ida Petrovicova, Tomas Trnovec, Tomas Pilka, Gabriela Bicanova. . (2016)

Marijuana. Journal of Drug Education 46:1-2, 3-14.

Charles Christopher Jehle, Niaman Nazir, Dhaval Bhavsar. . (2015) The Rapidly Increasing

Trend of Cannabis Use in Burn Injury. Journal of Burn Care & Research 36:1, e12-e17.

Cohen PJ. Medical marijuana: the conflict between scientific evidence and political ideology.

Part two of two. J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother. 2009;23(2):12040.

David A. Elliott, Nima Nabavizadeh, Jeanna L. Romer, Yiyi Chen, John M. Holland. . (2016)

Medical marijuana use in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma patients treated with

radiotherapy. Supportive Care in Cancer 24:8, 3517-3524.

Scott E. Hadland, John R. Knight, Sion K. Harris. . (2015) Medical Marijuana. Journal of

Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics 36:2, 115-123.

Pertwee RG. Cannabinoids and multiple sclerosis. Mol Neurobiol. 2007;36(1):4559.

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