Specific Issue in the Area of Biorenewable Systems - Essay Sample

Published: 2021-07-29
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George Washington University
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One of the current issues in the area of biorenewable systems is the growing demand for fuels in developing countries (Wolfram, Orie, and Paul 123). The demand for fuels is due to the economic development arising from industrialization that has seen a large number of firms coming up within a short time. Industries mushroom on a daily basis in different parts of the world, which has led to a reduction in the supply of fuels to satisfy the demand (Kaygusuz 1120). In addition, the generation of electric power has increased in the recent past with nations meeting the demands of the high population in supplying energy to all parts of a country including rural areas. Hence, projections for the future argue that developing countries will demand more than 50% of the total fuels available on earth to sustain the projects they are currently erecting (Madlener and Yasin 51). More people will be leading comfortable lives and will be in a position to afford personal vehicles, which means that demand for fuels will increase per day.

Brief Overview of the Issue

As developing countries are moving towards achieving greater heights in sustaining their citizens, there is a growing need to consume fuels to drive the change leaders in these nations want to see (Singh, Poonam, and Jerry 22). There are large investments taking place in the developing countries that have necessitated the need to have a large demand for fuels that act as energy to drive different machines in industries. Industrialization is taking place in developing countries as they create more production and manufacturing plants to sustain the population as well as have some left for exportation (Kaygusuz 1118). Competition amongst countries have seen developing countries demand more fuels so that they can keep up with the trends taking place in the world in terms of development and creation of industries.

More people in developing countries are moving towards urban areas through settlement projects and in search for employment (Singh, Poonam, and Jerry 19). This means that metropolitan cities have high demands for fuels so that they can sustain the high population. It becomes a challenge since the cities need to support human life as well as industries, which means that the supply for fuels must meet the demands for all (Kebede, John, and Curtis 537). Due to the high populations in urban centers, the cost and standards of living increase making it hard for the citizens to afford alternatives to fuels, for instance biogas and solar systems. This means that they must purchase the non-renewable source to facilitate the smooth running of their lives.

Government projects might also increase the demand for fuels in most developing countries. This is because with the population increasing every year, there will be need to invest in capital projects that will help sustain the large number of people. Governments will have to come up with schedules that will comfortably support the nation without having to do an external borrowing (Madlener and Yasin 50). More people in the population mean that there will be a need to have representatives from all persons. Support for the large number of representatives who need vehicles to move will put more pressure on the environment and push towards demanding more fuels. Further, if the government does not limit the number of organizations operating using fuels as a raw material or main driver, there will be a constant demand for fuels in developing countries. Some of the government officials might work with cartels that supply fuels further affecting the demand for fuels (Singh, Poonam, and Jerry 18). They may create an unnecessary shortage so that they can have more returns when the demand becomes high and supply is unable to fulfill the needs of customers.

Identify system barriers, constraints, and opportunities

The main barrier associated with growing demands for fuels in developing countries is lack of information among citizens in such nations on how to come up with alternatives for the growing demand for fuels. In a situation that countries might be aware of the choices for natural gas, they have no resources to implement the ideas or come up with projections on the future to put them into practice. Lack of finances among developing countries to protect their environment might have a negative impact on the future (Wolfram, Orie, and Paul 138). Nations that do not have natural oil sources might need to import from others that have the resources. This increases the expenses incurred by a government in bringing the fuels to their country to sustain the projects they undertake to move towards an industrialized nation.

Developing countries face another barrier through climate changes that restrict the success of biorenewable systems, which leads to an increase for fuels (Madlener and Yasin 47). Unreliable rainfall and lack of natural resources push nations in these developing countries to demand fuels from the mining plants in specific nations. This means that during that period of dryness and unreliable rainfall for the developing countries, and then prices of fuels go higher which means that they need to spend more of their resources (Kebede, John, and Curtis 536). Developed nations take advantage, as they are aware that such countries have no option of sourcing fuels for their sustainability and running of projects for organizations. When external investors identify a viable place on the developing countries that might have natural gas, they want to benefit from it and might use the information to exploit citizens. They may make demands on the country that has no capital to extract and manufacture the natural gas into energy for use by the public. They may sign contracts that make them enjoy the biggest share in case the projects succeed. This leaves countries with no option than taking loans with high-interest rates from international bodies to initiate such projects. However, this does not provide a long-term solution as the available resources might not cater for all projects undertaken by developing countries.

Solutions to Overcome Barriers

Some of the solutions developing countries can adapt to overcome the challenges they face in the demand for fuels is depending on power from the solar system and use of animal waste to generate fuels (Wolfram, Orie, and Paul 136). A large portion of the developing countries is dry and most citizens do nothing constructive with the big portions of land available. Further, there are large public lands that the governments in most countries have not utilized. Therefore, as an alternative for fuels for different projects, those governments in developing nations undertake, they can consider using the energy from the sun (Singh, Poonam, and Jerry 16). Installing solar panels on the undeveloped land as well as in capital cities on buildings that trap the energy from the sun and converting it into the useful light will help the countries meet the growing demand for fuels. This will save the countries many finances that would have been used to cater for renewable fuels.

On the other hand, use of wind power to drive turbines in commercial and residential centers will help save some resources for the developing countries (Kebede, John, and Curtis 534). Overcoming these challenges includes investing in capital-intensive machines that the nations can use for a long time without the need for replacement or repairs. In dry parts of developing countries where there are no structures, developing countries can maximize on putting up turbines driven by wind power and then converting the energy produced into useful fuel (Madlener and Yasin 45). Most developing countries depend on agriculture for their livelihood and therefore, there is a high possibility that most people both in the rural and urban centers practice animal husbandry. This means that the amount of animal waste on the lands is very high (Wolfram, Orie, and Paul 119). Farmers through the help of the ministries of energy in the different countries can consider transforming the manure into energy like biogas. Large-scale farmers can produce biogas in high amounts and sell it to the public. The challenges, in this case, are technical expertise on how to install the biogas systems in a home (Kaygusuz 1125). The government can help create awareness among the farmers on how they can maximize the waste on their lands for the benefit of the community and nation at large. Frustrations that arise due to bureaucracy in organizations that distribute artificial fuels in developing countries should reduce to help prevent the depletion of natural energies (Kebede, John, and Curtis 532). Most people in developing nations make money through a distribution of fuels to the commercial and residential users and may oppose anyone that tries to introduce suggestions on how people can cease using their services. Opposing forces might lead to shortcomings in the development of organizations in the nations.

Works Cited

Kaygusuz, Kamil. "Energy for sustainable development: A case of developing countries." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 16.2 (2012): 1116-1126.

Kebede, Ellene, John Kagochi, and Curtis M. Jolly. "Energy consumption and economic development in Sub-Sahara Africa." Energy economics 32.3 (2010): 532-537.

Madlener, Reinhard, and Yasin Sunak. "Impacts of urbanization on urban structures and energy demand: What can we learn for urban energy planning and urbanization management?." Sustainable Cities and Society 1.1 (2011): 45-53.

Singh, Anoop, Poonam Singh Nigam, and Jerry D. Murphy. "Renewable fuels from algae: an answer to debatable land based fuels." Bioresource technology 102.1 (2011): 10-16.

Wolfram, Catherine, Orie Shelef, and Paul Gertler. "How will energy demand develop in the developing world?." The Journal of Economic Perspectives 26.1 (2012): 119-137.

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