Paper Example on High Temperatures in Arctic Regions

Published: 2021-08-16
1404 words
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Carnegie Mellon University
Type of paper: 
Term paper
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Study reports indicate that Arctic temperatures are rising more rapidly than before and the effects of such a rapid change are already being felt around the world. This management project focuses mainly on the northern part of the Arctic US region.

Abstract on Ecosystem Science Framework of the Problem

The change of the earth's climate has resulted to a drastic decrease in the level of ice in the Arctic regions. Studies indicate that there is a high chance that the Arctic region will be free of ice as soon as the 2030s. This development is a threat to the ecological system and therefore developing appropriate strategies to curb this rising menace is vital. The management project was mostly concern with the seemingly decreasing ice on the Arctic regions, especially in the northern parts. Typically loss of ice from the sea and most significantly from the Arctic regions, which are regarded as the coolest places, in a severe threat to the climate system. Such a decrease in ice causes increased temperatures in those areas as the sunlight that could otherwise have been reflected by ice is instead absorbed by the open surface. The high temperatures in Arctic regions are a threat to the aquatic lives and the general climate of the world. The project explored the various means of increasing the level of ice in the Arctic regions beyond the natural level. The report proposed winter thickening of ice by use of wind-powered pumps as an essential means of mitigating the problem. The project also examined the effects of Arctic warming and proposed the appropriate measures to curb the situation.

Details of Report


The rate of Arctic warming increase is twice the general rate of global warming according to various studies (Bintanja, Linden, and Hazeleger, 18). Such a rapid increase has seen the Arctic region experience a rapid and profound transformation with severe impacts on the region and the global at large. The report primarily explored the various means vital to mitigating the situation through restoring the level of sea ice that is seemingly on a decreasing trend (KAKABADSE, 59). The increased temperatures in the Arctic regions are a result of the reduction in the sea ice coverage. Sea Ice plays a significant role in reflecting sunlight away from the surface, and therefore, its absence promotes absorption of such sunrays by the open surface which results in the increased temperatures in the region.

Studies indicate that the Arctic region has been losing much of its glaciers and mass at a considerably a higher rate and therefore imposing a management challenge on the various strategies that can be employed to mitigate the problem. Furthermore, reports that have been conducted show that the loss of the sea ice in the Arctic region is typically due to anthropogenic effects (Yang and Yuan, 63). The studies have further shown that the rate of sea ice reduction in the Arctic regions as compared to other regions is due to the numerous polar amplification responses. The reduction in the level of sea ice in the Arctic region has a great impact on the entire global climate system (Baggett, Lee, and Feldstein, 44). The decrease in the sea ice is likely to alter the existing weather patterns within the Northern hemisphere by weakening the jet stream. Furthermore, such a drastic reduction has led to enhancement of erosion in the coastal regions and imposing a major threat to the entire sea-ice ecosystem

Researchable question/hypotheses, goals, objectives, and outcomes.

The increased levels of Arctic warming are as a result of the reduction of the sea ice coverage. The reduction in the ice coverage gives room for the absorption of sunrays instead of reflecting them and thus resulting in increased temperatures as experienced in the Arctic regions. The management projects goals and objectives were establishing an artificial means of restoring the level of sea ice in the sea. An increase in the level of the ice coverage will lower the rate of global warming according to the project management plan.

Project Description

Project boundaries

The project focused on the planetary boundaries of the warming Arctic. The Arctic region is experiencing excessively increased temperatures as a result of the reduction in the sea ice level. The project explored the necessary means for controlling the seemingly decreasing rate of ice coverage in the Arctic region.

Drivers /change factors

The management project employed various factors to drive the required change. The project was driven by the urgent need to mitigate the problem of increased warming in the Arctic regions. However, with the knowledge that the causes of such an alarming warming rate relied upon the reduction in the level of sea ice coverage, the management project emphasized on the need to specifically curb the level of the sea ice.


The variables in the project included both independent and dependent. The rate of warming in the Arctic region was indirectly dependent on the level of the sea ice in the region. The project established that an increase in the rate of reduction of the sea ice would increase the level of warming in the Arctic regions (Masters, 29). Therefore, it was essential for the control of the level of sea ice to regulate the warming process according to the report. The project involved various interconnecting processes such as the algometry and ecosystem functioning that affected the entire approach.

The management target of the project involves the sea ice levels. The project proposed an artificial mechanism that involved winter thickening of ice by use of wind-powered pumps that could ensure an increment in the thickness of ice for about 1M (Orbe, Newman and Waugh, 32). The project is not likely to impact on the region's ecosystem it is purely through natural means. The project will involve the social communities around the proposed regions due to the sensitivity of the entire project. Typically, the project will take approximately six months to enhance the process of sea ice restoration in the Arctic region and thereby regulate the warming level in the region.

Expected Scientific Outcomes and Broader Impacts that lead to desired goals/outcomes

The project, on successful completion, is likely to greatly increase the level of sea ice coverage in the region and thereby controlling the warming levels. The project mainly aims at increasing the level of sea ice coverage in the proposed Arctic region through artificial means (Flournoy, Feldstein and Lee, 32). The project targets the communities around the proposed regions together with their respective administrations. The project will greatly impact on the climatic systems of the area which is considered as a general regulator of the global climate.

The management project employed a more practical approach to mitigating the problem through artificially restoring the ice level which seems to the sole reason behind increased Arctic region warming levels. The project is critical to the normal cooling effects that are often experienced during the summer sea ice have an already reduced. Correspondingly, to be able to preserve the Arctic region, its unique ecosystems together with its general role in Earths climate, the management project was designed to have an immediate outcome (Guttler, Brankovic and O'Brien, 19). The expected scientific outcome includes general climate change in the entire globe due to the change of the climate system that is typically the central regulator of the global climate.


BIBLIOGRAPHY Baggett, Cory, Sukyoung Lee and Steven Feldstein. "An Investigation of the Presence of Atmospheric Rivers over the North Pacific during Planetary-Scale Wave Life Cycles and Their Role in Arctic Warming." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 72.3 (2016): 43-47.

Bintanja, R., E. Linden and W Hazeleger. "Boundary layer stability and Arctic climate change: a feedback study using EC-Earth." New England Journal of Public Policy 28.1 (2015): 16-31.

Flournoy, Matthew D., et al. "Arctic amplification: does it impact the polar jet stream?" Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences (2017): 11-43.

Guttler, Ivan, et al. "Recent changes in winter Arctic clouds and their relationships with sea ice and atmospheric conditions." Climate Dynamics 25.1 (2016): 1-20.

KAKABADSE, YOLANDA. "Frontier Mentality Has No Place in the Arctic. (cover story)." Harvard International Review. 36.2 (2015): 55-59.

Masters, Jeff. "Atmospheric Conditions during the Arctic Clouds in Summer Experiment (ACSE): Contrasting Open Water and Sea Ice Surfaces during Melt and Freeze-Up Seasons." Weather & Forecasting 32.1 (2016): 16-29.

Orbe, Clara, et al. "Airmass Origin in the Arctic. Part I: Seasonality." Journal of Climate 31.4 (2017): 49-97.

Yang, Xiao-Yi and Xiaojun Yuan. "The Early Winter Sea Ice Variability under the Recent Arctic Climate Shift*." Journal of Climate 27.3 (2017): 50-92.



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