Essay on Different Cultures Among the Native American Groups

Published: 2021-07-20
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George Washington University
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The varying nature of the geography, environment, and the climates made the native groups culturally diverse. Overtime, different unique cultures developed and were different from another. Language groups were divided into various ethnic groups comprising of tribes or nations. The groups were divided further and could be identified through the villages or the hunting groups they belonged. They were headed by chiefs or council of elders.

Native American cultural regions.

The Arctic- The cultural area was home to the Aleut and the Inuit groups. Stretching across the present day Alaska, Canada and Greenland, the area was cold and inhospitable. Such conditions are related to the comparatively small and scattered population.

The Southeast- The area is situated in the north of the Gulf of Mexico and stretches to the south of the Northeast cultural region. The natives involved themselves with farming crops such as corn, sunflowers, and beans.

The Northeast- The area stretches the Mississippi River Valley across the mainland areas in North Carolina and into the modern Canadian Atlantic coast. The inhabitants of the culture area included the Algonquian speakers that mainly lived along rivers and the ocean. They practiced small farming and grew crops such as vegetables and corns. The other group is the Iroquoian speakers who lived in more stable inland villages that often fortified.

The subarctic- the culture area stretches across the Alaskas inland and parts of Canada. The area is a swampy, waterlogged tundra with pine forest. The native groups that live in the Subarctic area are the Athabaskan speakers and the Deg Xinag speakers.

Explain how the renaissance and the Reconquista of Spain related to the Age of Exploration

The Renaissance and the Reconquista of Spain led to the Age of Exploration. The Europeans Christians under the banner of the Crusaders fought an unsuccessful war against the Southwest Asian Muslims for the control of Jerusalem (Abridge, 2012). They returned home with goods, and soon there was demand for the products. The Europeans sought new ideas and trades leading to the Age of Exploration

Explain how the European trade of African slaves started.

The history of the slave trade can be traced back to when the Portuguese sailed to the West African coast in search gold. The Portuguese developed their sailing skills under Prince Henry the Navigator who oversaw the efforts of sailing into the Atlantic to spread Christianity. On their arrival to the African coast, the Portuguese found the existing institution of slavery. The Portuguese then built a trading outpost in Africas Guineas coast where they bought slaves destined for Europe and some islands in the Atlantic.

Describe the impact of Columbus successful voyage to America on all three continents

Christopher Columbus voyage led to major events that caused significant changes across the three continents. Many European people left for the new world as settlers and explorers. Their lifestyles changed as they amassed wealth although not all survived the hostile nature of region In the Americas regions, natives lives were disrupted with the occupation by the Europeans. This led to animosity amongst the warring groups that caused death and destruction of property.

How did Spain organize their colonies in the Americas? Use specific terms

The Spanish colonial system was hierarchical, dividing the colony into four provinces. Viceroys were appointed to rule over each province as a representative of the crown with assistance from lesser officials and the audiencas. In Spain, the Council of the Indies monitored the colonial officials closely.

Describe the Spanish conquistadors. Use specific examples.

The Spanish Conquistadors were Spanish soldiers and explorers whose motives were to spread Christianity in the Americas. Due to their superiority over the natives, the conquistadors amassed wealth and increased the Spanish trade in the Americas. One of the notable conquistadores is Christopher Columbus who become one of the greatest explorers for his discovery in the three continents voyage (Pelta, 1991).

Explain the larger impact of Pope the Pueblo revolts on how the Spanish treated their colonies

The Spanish missionary visions were compromised after the revolt. Although the Spaniard managed to regain the control of Santa Fe later, the native groups resisted the Spanish Catholic religion and folded into their own cultures and practices. Ultimately, the Spaniards and Pueblo, influencing the birth of a New Mexican Culture.

Explain the relationship between the French settlers and the Native Americans.

The relationship amongst the French and the Native Americans was excellent. Unlike the British, the French did not try to change the lifestyles of the natives. The French established strong ties with the Native American groups that involved trades, especially with furs. During hunting expeditions, the French were usually accompanied by the natives who showed them what animals to hunt for better quality fur. On their side, the French made points to learn the Natives languages and their ways of life. The alliance among the natives and the French led the Native American groups side with French during the conflicts with the English settlers.

Explain the reasons for the French settlement of Louisiana and describe its successes and failures

The French explorers ventured into the Louisiana region and established themselves in settlements and military posts. The nature of their relationship with the Native Americans saw a profitable economy. However, the military conflicts between the French and the Fox Indians led to difficulties that ultimately led to the end of French rule in 1769 (Cave, 2004).

Works cited

Asbridge, Thomas. The Crusades: The War for the Holy Land. Simon and Schuster, 2012.

Cave, Alfred A. The French and Indian War. Greenwood Publishing Group, 2004.

Pelta, Kathy. Discovering Christopher Columbus: How history is invented. Twenty-First Century Books, 1991.

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