Essay on Community Policing Strategies

Published: 2021-08-10 11:54:48
571 words
3 pages
5 min to read
Sewanee University of the South
Type of paper: 
Article review
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Community policing is a strategy that is employed by law enforcement agencies, where police officers form a close working relationship with the community members that they are tasked to protect. On the other hand, Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) characterizes an approach employed to deter criminal behavior, through the employment of environmental design. The CPTED methodologies rely on the ability of rehabilitators to influence the decisions of the offenders that take place before the perpetration of a crime. This essay is a critical review of a peer-reviewed journal article that examines the connection that exists between the connection between community policing and CPTED.

Research Focus

The research that will be featured in this analysis was authored by Fisher and Piracha (2012). The focus of this peer-reviewed publication was to provide an empirical evidence of the effectiveness of CPTEDs usage in preventing crime in Sydney, Australia. Additionally, the publication addressed the transference of the knowledge of CPTED from the criminologists to persons involved in the designing of public places. Furthermore, the research was part of a multi-agency implementation CPTED initiative, for the Martin Place region (Fisher & Piracha, 2012).

The research hypothesis used for the research was that there exists a gap in the literature in validating the effectiveness of CPTED in averting the perpetration of a crime. Additionally, research question featured in the study was; what is the effect of CPTED usage in the reduction of crime. Lastly, the method used for executing the research was qualitative analysis, supported by a review of the literature on the available publications that address community policing programs and CPTED usage.

Research Findings

Fisher and Piracha (2012) researchs hypothesis were supported by a real case example of an occurrence that took place in Martin Place, Australia, as evidence. Also, the findings of the research portrayed that there is a gap in the literature in relevant research materials published in the past, detailing the effectiveness of CPTED usage in crime deterrence.

Additionally, the research publications illustrated that more research is needed to support the effectiveness of CPTED in managing crime. This is because from Fisher and Piracha (2012)s publication the use of CPTED has been legislated in all states as well as territories of Australia. This is despite the limited empirical evidence that can be employed to validate the effectiveness of the CPTED.

Research Applications

From the findings of the research, it is evident that community policing and CPTED are highly effective in deterring crime before it occurs. Additionally, it is a contemporary method that can be used by law enforcers to manage the level of crime occurring in the society.

Furthermore, its application in the criminal justice system is rational it will aid in reducing the number of people that normally get incarcerated in rehabilitation centers each year. Subsequently, this technique of managing law offenders will aid in reducing the problem of overpopulation in prisons as its experienced today.


In conclusion, community policing services and the use of CPTED are among the highly effective strategies that can be employed today, by law enforcement personnel to deter crime. Community policing entails creating a good working relationship with the local community members in an effort to manage crime. On the other hand, CPTED involves the deterrence of crime in a potential law offender, before the crime occurs.


BIBLIOGRAPHY Fisher, D. G., & Piracha, A. (2012). Crime prevention through environmental design: a case study of multi-agency collaboration in Sydney, Australia. Australian Planner, 49(1), 79-87. doi:10.1080/07293682.2011.608689

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