The human desire to create art is universal. Art has been perceived as a way of communicating beliefs and expressing ideas on human experience all through the entire stages of civilization and in various religions globally. As documented by culture, works of art provides imperative insights into previous and present cultures, expressing how people live and what is perceived value.
Culture is presented through art in different themes such as domestic life, history and memory, society and ceremony, death, religion, conflict and resistance among others. Culture depicts all the things make up individuals' way of life. Art is the most significant way of expression developed by artists. Artists have used art as the way of recording their deep concerns regarding the life around them.
The Stylistic Characteristics of That Work Of Art
Temple of the Golden Pavilion Architecture
Also known as the Kinka-ji or Rokuon-ji, literally meaning Deer Garden Temple, is a Zen Buddhist temple in Kyoto, Japan. It is the widely famous building in Japan, having a large number of international visitors coming to have a look of it. It is a World Heritage Sites, because it was chosen as a National Special Landscape and National Special Historic Site and is among the 17 locations that make up the Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto.
This structure is highly valuable due to its Shariden, housing reics of the Buddha.
Hosuiin is the first floor of the structure, is also known as "Temple of Dharma Water" it is constructed in a Shinden style resembling the 11th-century Heian nobility. Fresh air and plenty of light are allowed into the room because the wall that separates the internal from the balcony is partially raised half-way.
The Choondo, which is the second story is also translated as "Tower of Sound Waves" or "Grotto of Wave Sounds", is built in buke style of samurai houses, here is where the statue of Kannon is housed.
Kukkyocho is the third floor of the building designed in a style of Buddha Hall. It is structured with round-headed windows that are dominated with ornaments compared to the rest of the floors. It houses the 25 Bodhisattvas and Amida triad, its floor is topped with a golden Chinese Phoenix.
Horyu-ji compound also referred to as the Temple of Flourishing Law; is known to be a Buddhist temple which was one time among the most powerful Seven Great Temples, in Ikaruga, Nara Prefecture, Japan.
The temples pagoda is recognized widely as one of the ancient wooden building that still exists in the modern world, hence highlighting Horyu-ji's place to be amongst most prominent Japanese temple. Horyu-ji's was emblazoned together with Hokki-ji as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and given the title Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area. The present temple is comprised of two areas, the Sai-in which, is in the west, together with the To-in located to the east. On the western side of the temple the temple's five-story pagoda and Kondo. The Yumendono Hall (Hall of Dreams) is found in the To-in area and it is located 122 meters east of the Sai-in area. The structure of the complex is respective to their Chinese general monastery plan, with its key compound situated on the north-south axis while its main entry looking the south. The structure also has four main components: the lecture halls, monks quarters, dining halls and libraries, which all aligned symmetrically through the central axis. The restructured building holds the vital cultural influences from the tree kingdoms, specifically those of Baekje, together with the ones in the Eastern Han to North Wei of China. A corridor with a walled exterior and colonnade interior surrounds the temple complex on all the four major sides. The cloistered walkway displays the use of the plaster interior walls and the Chinese style window; while the Entasis is used in the wooden columns to give the idea of importance and height.
Also referred to as a Holy Chapel, is a royal chapel constructed in a Gothic style, in the medieval Palais de la Cite, in Paris. The chapel is considered to be among the highest achievements of the Tayonnant era of Gothic architecture. The construction was commissioned by the King Lois IX of France, with an intention of housing his collection of Passion Relics, some of which are considered to be significant in Medieval Christendom, example Christ's Crown of Thrones. Sainte-Chapelle is considered to be the earliest building that still survives in the Capetian royal palace. However, during the French Revolution, the building was damaged but later restored in the 19th century, hence becoming one of the most extensive 13th century stained collection to be known in the work in the world.
The royal chapel is one of the major phases of Gothic architecture style referred to as Rayonnant, marked by its sense of firm vertical emphasis together with the weightlessness. It squarely stands upon the lower chapel, which was used as the parish church for all the palace inhabitants, which was the government's seat.
The elevation reflects the buildings structure. The gigantic appearance of the lower walls that have decorations on their opening is opposite to the slender form of the upper storey. The broad glacis highlighted by the relief sculpture frieze of foliage which surrounds the walls and ramparts, compatible to the floor level of the upper chapel.
The firm salient vertical support part of the buttresses gives a general feeling of balance that lends rhythm and dynamism to the whole building. It's unpolished, bare surface differs with the fragmented ones of the stained glass windows that reflects the light from the sun. The stunning stained glasses are positioned across 15 windows which are 15 meters high depicting the scenes from the Old and New Testament telling the world history up to the arrival of the relics in Paris.
The Birth of Venus
This artwork was done by Sandro Botticelli in 1486; it is the most symbolic work paint of Renaissance as well as the enduring symbol of feminine beauty and grace. The images are much detailed. The original art measures approximate 6 feet by 9 feet. It was also referred to as "first large-scale canvas created in Renaissance Florence." The painting is all about the arrival of the goddess of Venus at the shore after her birth, where she rose from the sea while she was fully-grown.
The Birth of Venus portrays several gods; there is Venus, who is the gods of love, standing modestly on the seashell and blown to the shore by the god of the west wind, Zephyr. There, one of the goddesses of the seasons, the Horae, is ready with the cape of clothing the newly born deity. The other fourth character carried by Zephyr is supposed to be either Chloris or Aura a nymph of the wind, which s related to springs well as the blossoming of flowers like the ones seen flowing in the picture.
The nudity of the Venus was groundbreaking. Since the art was dominant as a Christina inspiration during the Middle age, the art of nudity was prohibited. Therefore, the inclusion of nudes in the art marked the rise of humanism which was seen as the renewed interest in the ancient Rome m myths.
Notre-Dame de Paris (Notre-Dame Cathedral)
The structure is a cathedral church which is located in Paris, France. It is the most famous Gothic cathedral of the Middle Ages, and it is famous for its magnificent size, antiquity as well as the architectural uniqueness. The Notre-Dame Cathedral is made up of apse and choir, a short transept, together with the square chapel and nave flanked by double aisles. During the restoration of the cathedral in the 19th century, the additional structure of central spire which was added. Its interior structure is 427 by 157 feet and the height of the roof is 115 feet. The two gigantic ancient Gothic towers crown the western facadeand divide the structure into the stories with its door decorated with fine early Gothic carvings with the figures of Old Testament kings surmounted in a row. The twin towers are nearly 233 feet high and without any spire added. While for the east end of the cathedral, the apse has large clerestory windows, it is sustained with a fly buttresses in a form of a singled-arch making it be notable for its grace and boldness. Only the three great rose windows of the Cathedral retained their 13th-century glass.
Madonna of the Meadows
Also known as Madonna del Belvedere or Madonna del Prato, this painting was done by Raphael in the 1506 and it is now preserved in the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna. The three characters in the green meadow are connected by the touching hands and the looks. There is Virgin Mary wearing a gold-bordered blue veil with the red dress and lying her right leg along diagonal. The two colors have their significant meaning, the blue symbolized the church, while the red symbolized the death f the Christ, while the Madonna the joining of Mother Church together with the sacrifice of Christ. Having her eyes fixed on Christ, the head is slightly inclined when turned to the left, and she holds Christ's hands as he steadily leans forward to get to the miniature cross that is held in John's hand. It depicts the Passion, death, and resurrection of Christ.
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