Paper Example on Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy

Published: 2021-07-19
842 words
4 pages
8 min to read
University of Richmond
Type of paper: 
Course work
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The chapter is about ideas of Sigmund Freud, Jung, and Erik Erikson on Psychoanalytic Therapy. In the introduction is a brief history of Freud, some of his great achievements and contributions in studying human behavior. Some of the key topics discussed in the chapter include human nature, personality, the conscious and the unconscious mind, and processes for the development of personalities. The chapter laid foundations for the understanding of concepts such as the development of personality, anxiety and the role of ego in defense mechanism.

The chapter contains a discussion on the processes involved in the psychoanalysis therapy. In the chapter, it is apparent that in a therapy session therapists have goals to attain. The author of the book explained the various roles of a therapist in a therapy session and functions of various elements of a therapy procedure. According to the author, the functions of a therapist are to assisting the client to attain self-awareness and sound personal relationship (Corey, 2015).The analysis in the therapy process is to understand the problems of the client and to create the awareness on how to change. The client in the therapy process has to experience differently the long procedures involved in the therapy session. The client has to be willing to meet the analyst face to face and to undergo a free association process. The chapter also explains the nature of the relationship that should prevail between the client and the therapist. The therapists have to understand the client for a meaningful change to occur in the process. The therapist has to access full information about the client and make connections.

The chapter provided a discussion on the applications of Freuds psychoanalysis approach. In this case, there are procedures and techniques to follow in a therapy. First, for a meaningful therapy, the analysts have to maintain analytic framework. The client and the analysts have to be in a position to allow free association during the therapy session. Additionally, the analyst has to interpret the information that he/she gains from the client and making reasonable conclusions. The chapter also provides alternative ways of obtaining information from a client. In this case, the client has to analyze the dream, interpret resistance, interpret transference, and participate in the group counseling.

The chapter also has the process of personality development. Freud and Carl Jung have similar ideas on the steps of personality development. However, Carl Jung appeared to differ from Freud in the aspect of components of human nature. Jung believed to understand human personality; one has to combine their history, anthropology, mythology, and religion. The components of human personality according to Jung provide a deep understanding of personality development because it considers all aspects of human personality.

The chapter also presents the contemporary trends in the understanding of psychology. Some of the contemporary trends in the analysis of psychology include relational psychoanalysis, object relations theory, and self-psychology. The author gives explanations regarding strengths and shortcomings of regarding adopting a diversity perspective. In the chapter, there is also a scenario where the psychoanalytic therapy has been applied. The case of Stan, psychoanalytic approach was applied from a multicultural perspective. It was from the scenario of Stan that the author gave the strength and weaknesses of diversity in psychoanalysis. The summary and evaluation section of the book contains the contributions and limitations of the psychoanalytic approach.

Towards the conclusion of the chapter, the author discussed the contributions of the various scholars in the psychoanalytic approach. In this section, the efforts of Carl Jung and Freud receive great attentions. It is apparent in the section that the modern psychoanalytic uses the ideas of the great philosophers. The chapter also provides an explanation regarding the contributions of the modern scholar in the psychoanalysis. The modern psychoanalysis embraces the great ideas from the ancient time. As a result, they help in the transfer of knowledge from one generation to another. Besides, the weaknesses and criticisms of psychoanalytic approach are clear towards the end of the topic. The major idea in the book regards the fact that the ideas of Freud are influential in the contemporary practice. Ideally, the modern psychoanalyst feels the impacts of Freud in personality development and in psychotherapy.

The ideas of Freud are has influenced the thoughts of most psychoanalysts in the 21st century. Many theories have emerged on the way but Freuds perspective has remained to be the benchmark. There are many concepts discussed in the chapter though the focus was on the practices and concepts of Freud. The chapter provided a connection between the thought of Erik Eriksson and Freud in the psychoanalysis. Erik focused on the psychosocial development in human and thus extended the ideas of Sigmund Freud. The chapter also provided a connection between the ideas of Erikson and Freud. The combination of the ideas of the different scholars led to the expansion of psychoanalysis. The modern scholars in the field of psychology find it easier to understand the variations in personalities.


Corey, G. (2015). Theory and practice of counseling and psychotherapy. Nelson Education.


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