In most cases, the symptoms of a language delay are noticed when one has an oral communication problem. A receptive language delay involves difficulty of understanding what other people are saying while an expressive language delay includes the difficulty of expressing thoughts as well as ideas (Aram, Ekelman, & Nation, 1984)
Symptoms of receptive language delay in a child
A child who has a receptive language delay tends to give irrelevant answers to questions that they are asked. When prompted to answer a question, children of this kind tend to repeat what the speaker says, instead of giving an answer to the question. One could tell if a child has a receptive language delay if he has the trouble of understanding what other people say or tell him. A child with this type of delay will have difficulties when it comes to following simple instructions as well as identifying objects and pictures. If a child finds it hard for him to take turns while talking with others or organizing the information that they hear, this is a symptom indicating that this particular child has a receptive language delay.
Symptoms of Expressive Language Delay
A child who has expressive language delay may reach up to the age of 2 years for them to start talking. This kind of child will tend to have a limited vocabulary in his communication as compared to other children of the same age limit. They will take time and find it difficult to learn a new vocabulary which causes them to use limited sentence structures while talking. Expressive language delay makes it difficult for a child to be in a position to use gestures.
A child with this type of language delay omits key words and confuses the tense used in a sentence while talking or writing, the child keeps on repeating a certain phrase over and over again while talking. He understands what other people are saying but talks less not as often as the others since most of the sentences dont make sense despite being able to pronounce words as well as sounds.
A speech therapist helps one child to be able to improve his/her grammar and as well as build the child's vocabulary. The therapist also shows one how to work with the child while at home.
In conclusion, a language delay disorder is a significant delay when it comes to the use and understanding of either written or spoken language. It may involve the form of language, content or meaning. Language delay may be caused by genetic, biological, perceptual, linguistic and environmental factors.
Aram, D., Ekelman, B., & Nation, J. (1984). Preschoolers with Language Disorders. Journal Of Speech Language And Hearing Research, 27(2), 232. http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/jshr.2702.244
Receptive Language (understanding words and language) - Kid Sense Child Development. (2017). Kid Sense Child Development. Retrieved 1 May 2017, from https://childdevelopment.com.au/areas-of-concern/using-language/receptive-language-understanding-words-and-language/
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