Paper Example on Fallacies

Published: 2021-06-29
468 words
2 pages
4 min to read
Sewanee University of the South
Type of paper: 
Course work
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Informal Fallacies

The word fallacy is used by many rhetoricians as well as philosophers just for particular sorts of errors in logical and inductive contentions; however, others explore the term to incorporate more classes of mistakes in thinking, and additionally analytical techniques that prompt false, deceitful, and impossible conclusions. Informal fallacies take place in non-logical, which depends on substance and frame for cogency. Therefore, in life, I have encountered several forms of informal logical fallacies like; Fallacy of Appeal, Questionable Cause Fallacy as well as Fallacy of Composition.

Fallacy of Appeal

The fallacy of Appeal relies on the evidence from the outside sources. The type of mistake happening here is the Appeal to Authority. This is a delusion of saying something mainly because the authority upholds it, so it have to be valid or if the specialist assaults something, it has to be false. However, specialists can oppose this idea. For instance, consider what occurs in a court hearing when one party brings in a master declaration, the opposite party reacts by getting their particular specialists. To avoid committing this logical errors, one should seek a legal and genuine specialist and as well analyze how they achieved their sentiments and checked whether there is an agreement in the field.

Questionable Cause Fallacy

This happens when there exists an imperfect causal association between occasions. An example is an argument with consequences. This form of error one should put into consideration the impacts of a particular action. However, one should acknowledge conclusions that you are sensitively comfortable with and cast off the actions that cause you discomfort. For example, 'She has not said she does not like you, right? So she is probably interested. Call her up'. To avoid this mistakes, one should recognize results that can end up being sensibly significant and those that may trouble a few of us.

Fallacy of Composition

In this form of error, it contends the Appeal to Popularity. However, because the majority have positive feelings toward something, it has to be right, on the other hand, when various people have inauspicious feelings against something, it has to be awful; arguing for modern acknowledgment of thought without falling back on an intellectual legitimization of the idea. For instance, everybody seems to be swimming. Therefore, it must be the right thing to do.' To avoid making this errors in life, do not always use 'US' or follow majority because they apparently make false conclusions.


In life, we utilize contentions for our benefit as well as to influence others. The outline of fallacies demonstrated not all allegations are substantial or even intelligent. Therefore, always look at any contention you defy, and recall that on the off chance that it sounds very accurate, most likely it is a false claim.



Hardy, J., et al. (2015). An Appeal to Ignorance.


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