A global issue relates to any political, economic, environmental or social problems that disastrously affect global community. These issues include poverty, global warming, food insecurity, diseases, regional conflict, and malnutrition.
An economic crisis is exhibited worldwide because of social unjust and unwarranted pattern of consumption that is resource wasteful and reducing. This is as a consequence of fast economic advance and unparalleled improvement in science, medical care, technology as well as ability to use these advancements to improve the lives of persons internationally. Also, the present economic and debt crisis has involved a faulty economic model and policies that result from negligence and wrong economic theory. Financial debts pose a significant threat to the economy of states making them stagnate in development matters (Schultz, 2009). For instance, various researchers indicate that developing nations do face enormous economic challenges in a bid to stabilize and improve their economies.
Social justice issues happen universally, and these are as a result of unequal wealth and resource circulation, biased treatment of an individual with divergent personalities and regulations that support segregation. Biased trade practices and poverty are some of the problems created by the incline of globalization and these outline issues of ethics, equity, and accountability. Acknowledgement of ethical dilemmas helps in building an institution, promoting worldwide growth efforts and guarding individual freedoms. Social justice can be affirmed in a societal set up where there is equality like in resource allocation and just treatment of people irrespective of physical appearance, skin color, or wealth status (Barry, 2005). In society, disabled people or the poor need to access same privileges as those without disabilities and the rich. Social justice demands that there ought to be a fair treatment to all parties in society without discrimination.
Individual liberties are acknowledged as belonging to both children and adults and are stated to as fundamental rights. These are constitutional rights intrinsic to all human beings irrespective of language, race, ethnicity, religion or any other status. Also, these are legal rights which populace are permitted to enjoy fully without regime interference. However, a good exercise of these liberties taken in conjunction with the need of public order, protection of moral values, national security and respect of fellowman ship (Howland, 2005).
Culture is a social behavior, custom, and idea of a particular people or society. While the community concept is a key to social customs and it tries to understand the impact globally based on its multifaceted, borderless and culture change tend to be slow but evolving. Individual religious association and ethnicity are commonly recognized cultural factors worldwide, and these are nearly presented by 70% of the universal population (Christianity, Hinduism, and Islam).
Communication is a significant challenge in the global environment even if both groups speak the same language but there still misunderstanding due to the cultural and ethical difference. Society is more viable especially if it contains the ability to communicate across cultural boundaries. Every culture has developed an approach towards the natural setting (Mau, 2007). The way we relate to the surrounding is connected to the manner in which we seek to have control over our lives. Different cultures have diverse beliefs and the style of doing things. For example, my culture requires that during the harvest of any crop, a burnt offering is made to give thanks for the good harvest. In a society where people of diverse cultures meet, there need to be acceptance of individual customs for good coexistence.
Overloading of the atmosphere and ocean water with carbon is a significant cause of global warming. Atmospheric carbon dioxide absorbs and remits infrared wavelength radiation, leading to warmer air. The burning of fossil fuels, deforestation for agriculture and industrial activities has pushed up atmospheric carbon dioxide from 280ppm 200 years ago to about 400ppm today. Climate change is the key drivers behind increasing humanitarian necessities as the number of persons affected, and the damages imposed by life-threatening weather has been unprecedented. According to the United Nation Office for the coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, climate catastrophes are on the increase, and 70% of calamities are now climate related up from 50% from two decades ago. Disasters take a more massive human toll and come with higher price tag. Also, 2.4 billion people were affected by climate-related calamities related to 1.7 billion in the earlier decade, and the cost of responding to the disaster has risen between 1992 and 2008. Ecological destruction is ongoing, and by the year 2050, the universal human population is projected to grow by 2 billion people thereby reaching 9.6 billion people (Bhargava, 2006).
Up to date, an estimation of 14 million refugees is recorded worldwide. The issue of refugee not only raises humanitarian challenges but also affect stability and peace of the areas involved. Poverty as stated by World Bank (2008), allude to people leaving on an equivalent of 1$ to $1.25 a day. This implies that nearly 1.4 billion people live at the poverty line or below a figure that exceeds the previous estimate of 984 million with the older measure of $ 1 a day in 2004 (Schultz, 2009). Poverty alleviation is essential as it tackles social inequality.
Barry, B. M. (2005). Why social justice matters. Cambridge [u.a.: Polity.
Bhargava, V. K. (2006). Global issues for global citizens: An introduction to key development challenges. Washington, D.C: World Bank.
Howland, D. (2005). Personal liberty and public good: The introduction of John Stuart Mill to Japan and China. Toronto [u.a.: Univ. of Toronto Press.
Mau, S. (2007). Social justice, legitimacy and the welfare state. Aldershot [u.a.: Ashgate
Schultz, Walter J. (2009). The Moral Conditions of Economic Efficiency. Cambridge Univ Pr.
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