This learning program is on hand washing training, an overlooked hygiene practice within the local community. The exercise is a vital aspect of the need to inculcate good hygiene practices within the community to create awareness and train the locals on the need to improve their hygiene practices by practicing simple hygiene acts such as hand washing. Many a time and according to health practitioners, individuals overlook and downplay the need to wash hands as a health practice. According to Allegranzi and Pittet (2009), hand washing is the first hygiene practice that prevents opportunistic infections such as diarrhea and spread of germs. Medical practitioners also argue that inculcating hand washing on a daily basis reduces infections by over 50 percent. This program target adults of 18 years and above.
Hand washing and hygiene is the most efficient practice of averting any form of infection that relates to health practice and care. According to Allegranzi and Pittet (2009), 50 % of infections are a result of poor hygiene and health practices that arise from poor hand hygiene. Amongst the locals in the community, hand washing and hygiene is a non-issue that many are not keen to practice and only do so under extreme circumstances or instructions by a health expert. The need to undertake the training arises from the need to create awareness on the importance of hand washing as a health practice that is critical to the prevention of infections. Over the years, infections such as flu, stomach complications, and skin irritation have drastically increased calling on medical practitioners to emphasize the need to create awareness on hand washing (Allegranzi & Pittet 2009).
The central purpose of the training will be to create awareness and train members of the local community on the need to adopt hand washing/hygiene.
The participants/community members will:
Identify the need to wash their hands as a health practice to prevent infections
Develop the necessary skills in hand washing
Practice hand washing as a necessity to good health
Utilize works of health practices as a way of healthy living
The training/program will target all persons above the age of four both male and female. Additionally, the training will be carried out within the home setting, although in case of practical demonstrations, the instructors will engage the participants in an outdoor training exercise. The training will use group training and simulation in which all participants will undertake a practical approach to the training. Each team will consist of an instructor and a maximum of five adults. To best foster and engage the participants, the instructors will use the goal-oriented approach that will enable the participants to focus on the ultimate objectives of the program.
Key information of the training session will focus on hand washing as a daily exercise and practice that individuals ought to adopt in their daily routines. It will be based on the need to improve healthy living and prevention of opportunistic infections. During and at the training moment, the instructors need to;
Grasp the attention of the participants
Outline to the participants the key objectives of the training
Encourage any form of prior training on hand washing or hygiene practice
Offer the participants the broad lines of the hand washing exercise before starting the practice
Guide and offer the participants the general sketch out of the exercise
Practically engage the participants in undertaking the exercise
Give the participants a chance to give their feedback on the training/program
Conduct an assessment of the participant's performance
The above systematic design is critical to helping the participants focus on the outcome of the instructions provided by the instructors (Khadjooi et al., 2011). The systematic framework is vital to the preparation and delivery of the outlined instructions.
At the end of the training exercise, the participants will understand the need to adapt to a particular hand-washing period by using water and soap. Additionally, they will be able to provide specific reasons why hand washing is an important exercise. The participants will be expected to give a verbal response to the objectives of preventing the spread of germs, prevention of diseases, and when to wash their hands.
Basin of Water
Hand Washing Manual
Step A: Organize the participants in groups and help them understand the objectives of the exercise
Step B: Together with the participants, go through the manual together highlighting the important aspects and points of the program.
Step C: Call on a volunteer from amongst the participants and using the instructional manual, take the participants through the hand washing exercise.
Step D: Let the participants engage with the instructor on the precise method and way of using the soap and water to wash, scrub and rinse the hands.
Step E: By use of detailed instruction, engage all other participants on a one by one exercise to washing their hands.
Step F: Let the participants undertake the training on a rotational basis whereby all of them follow the instructional guidelines provided by the instructor.
Step G: Culminating Exercise: Participants engage with each other on the procedure and steps in hand washing in groups, and later each participant will go through the process individually.
The instructors will observe the participants preparedness, actions, hand movements, and the general outcome of the exercise.
To engage the participants to achieve the objectives of the program, the instructors will show their utmost concern and care for their health. Through this motivational strategy, the instructors should ask the participants to offer feedback on the steps involved in the entire exercise. Additionally, the instructor will engage the participants directly by observing and showing concern on how they undertake the steps of hand washing to motivate them to follow the guidelines specified above. Additionally, the instructor will offer rewards in the form of hand washing soaps to the best participant who has followed the instructions as specified.
Allegranzi, B., & Pittet, D. (2009). Role of hand hygiene in healthcare-associated infection prevention. Journal of Hospital Infection, 73(4), 305-315.
Keller, J. M. (2009). Motivational design for learning and performance: The ARCS model approach. Springer Science & Business Media.
Khadjooi, K., Rostami, K., & Ishaq, S. (2011). How to use Gagne's model of instructional design in teaching psychomotor skills. Gastroenterology and Hepatology from bed to bench, 4(3), 116.
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