Organizations dealing with disaster management face various challenges when dealing with rescuing and settling victims. First, implementation of the law is one of the major shortcomings for the respondents since they do not execute policies as stipulated (Federal Emergency Management Agency, 2003). Their models of governance are hard to implements since some victims may resist evacuating in order to protect their livelihoods. Additionally, in public health management, bodies such as federal and state government may conflict while solving problems because their respondents have no comprehensive knowledge of their scope in disaster management (Fekete, Hufschmidt & Kruse, 2014). This is because some disasters are politicized instead of addressing the real problem facing the society.
Second, the respondents face significant challenges due to inadequate finance and other crucial resources that facilitate relief process and settling back the victims (Homeland Security, 2005). Rigid policies and bureaucracy hinder decision-making process after the disaster has happened. Public health emergencies responders should be well prepared and have flexible response strategies due to unprecedented effects inflicted by disasters such as Hurricane Katrina (Gable, 2017). According to respondents, there is much disconnection between the public sector and insurance or investment companies making it hard to manage finances effectively. Also, first responders argue that their future sustainability is constrained by limited training, personnel, tools, and equipment making it hard to respond to massive emergency events.
Lastly, most of the organizations such as FEMA dealing with disaster management face technological challenges making communication and dissemination of information difficult (Seneviratne et al., 2011). For example, during Kashmir earthquake, many people lost their lives before the government received information about the scale of the catastrophe and start relief operations (Jigyasu, 2013). Since many organizations have not improved the existing information system, they should do so by building effective platforms such as Website in order to ease the process of dissemination information between various stakeholders.
Federal Emergency Management Agency. (2003). Major management challenges and program risks. The United States General Accounting Office, 5-35
Fekete, A., Hufschmidt, G., & Kruse, S. (2014). Benefits and challenges of resilience and vulnerability for disaster risk management. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, 5(1), 3-20.
Gable, L. (2017). Evading Emergency: strengthening emergency responses through integrated pluralistic governance. Georgetown Law Library, I(91),18- 53.
Homeland Security. (2005). DHS' Efforts to enhance first responders' all-Hazards capabilities continue to evolve. United States Government Accountability Office. 8-37.Jigyasu, R. (2013). Using traditional knowledge systems for post-disaster reconstruction issues and challenges following Gujarat and Kashmir earthquakes. Creative Space, 1(1), 1-17.
Seneviratne, TKKS., Pathirage, C., Amaratunga, RDG & Haigh, RP. (2011). Disaster knowledge factors: benefits and challenges. Retrieved from http://usir.salford.ac.uk/23366/1/23366.pdf
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