Essay on the Big Five: Five Theories of Personality

Published: 2021-07-07
661 words
3 pages
6 min to read
Vanderbilt University
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The basic dimensions of personality are known as the big five. These include neuroticism, consciousness, openness, agreeable and extraversion. They apply to almost everybody. To start with, I am a highly extroverted person. I like making friends, talking to them, outgoing and grabbing others attention. The trait has given me the leadership skills needed for a counselor. Moreover, I tend to be a highly acceptable person. I feel for other peoples situations, adding value to their happiness and interested about their better sides, for instance, giving insights on how to face challenges. My ability to blend and agree on matters sensible has made me gain people's trust needed in my profession. To add on this, I possess excellent cognitive skills where I do complete tasks within the given time, follow instructions provided, prepare adequately for my tasks by adhering to a schedule of activities. Cognitive skills make me understand people better in every circumstance. In the end, I am always open to new ideas and very keen in comparing peoples confidence and nervousness in handling situations. (Kaplan et al., 2015)

Snyder et al (2012) identified five theories of personality to help in recognizing individuals. In this task, however, I have outlined only two that fits my personality.To begin with, the behaviorist approach as I believe in learning which is an external stimulus affecting my behavior change. In learning, both scientific thinking and experimentation are allowing interaction with an environment. Furthermore, I fit in social cognitive theories that involve thinking and making judgment required in skills training, repetition and group therapy. The method also encompasses how I unveil different events in life and comparing with the past noting the improvements in me. In addition, it involves evaluation of personal achievement that enhances academic performance in schools.

Techniques used in the therapeutic process.

Snyder et al (2012) pointed out the following as the methods employed in the healing process. In this context, I have described them as follows:

Cognitive behavioral therapy: It's belief that directly connects one's thoughts to their moods. It has aided counselors to acknowledge the negative thoughts of persons assess their preciseness and change the thought patterns at the end. The scholar further discussed Dialectical Behavioral Therapy which encompassed behavioral and cognitive therapy. Therefore it focused on the use of mindfulness to boost necessary skills needed in the regulation of emotions that results from stress. Similarly, there was play therapy which uses art and plays therapy techniques for children to process experiences and feelings by making a belief. It gives kids new plans for solving problems hence building an adapting a skill and self-esteem.

Snyder also mentioned sand tray therapy which symbolizes the world of a client. Clients are from children to adults. They may create their world through small objects and figures. Also, it grants the customers time to dig deeper into their problems enabling them to come up with solutions themselves. The scholar finalized his points by discussing eye movement desensitization and reprocessing technique. He argued that it applies to people with trauma history that have affected their lives negatively. It can help to counter the depressing effects of trauma that can impair some ones life activities.

In class, I learned the benefits of silence in effective communication. I commence with the silence that enhances effective listening as it allows the speaker to express their ideas without interruption. Besides, it makes clients to be attracted to you because they feel their ideas are understood when you are silent. Furthermore, it constitutes the virtue of self-control needed to internalize unnecessary reaction to the situation. Essentially, this helps one to think before speaking thus making every judgment to be factual.


Kaplan, S., Levinson, C., Rodebaugh, T., Menatti, A., & Weeks, J. (2015). Social Anxiety and the Big Five Personality Traits: The Interactive Relationship of Trust and Openness. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 44(3), 212-222. et al (2012). Personality and social psychology. In The Oxford handbook of personality and social psychology.


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