Beethoven broke the hard set rules governing compositions. He is credited with connecting the Classical and Romantic eras. (Hollis 1)
Brahms stuck to traditional methods of composition even when most of his peers were experimenting with new sounds. He is one of the greatest composers of the romantic era.
Felix Mendelssohn founded the University of Music and Theatre Leipzig
Clara Schuman changed the format of piano recitals during her expansive career.
Tchaikovsky influenced many Russian composers such as Stravinsky.
George Gershwins works are today being adapted for film scores while some have received renditions in jazz.
William Grant Still was the first African-American to have New York City Opera produce one of his works.
Vincent Persichetti integrated many new ideas into his works and the teachings he gave other composers.
Aaron Copland composed various works that aimed at grasping the widest audience.
Edgar Varese came up with the term organized sound.
John Cage helped in the developing the art of modern dance.
Franz Liszt created the symphonic poem, which puts to use nonmusical aspects( Lesser 9)
Stravinsky popularized the use of irregular rhythm and free dissonance
Arnold Schoenberg led innovations in atonality development.
Amy Beach was the first female large-scale composer to garner success.
Debussy sought blur edges and introduce impressionism in his music by using harmonic color, moving away from the normal construct of classical music which applies one theme and using whole-tone scales
Stravinsky kept the concept of tension and release in his music while using free dissonance by using asymmetrical rhythm patterns and straying from the set rules of tonality.
The first significant advancement in classical music is that serialism has been expanded through the application of serial procedures to aspects like duration, such as in Pierre Boulezs Le Marteau sans ma'tre, and the use of new sounds and scales by Harry Parch who developed new instruments. The second is the use of new approaches to harmony by disintegrating tonality. The final is in the application of influences from popular music such as jazz
Programmatic music is about a specific topic. It tells a story, for example, Don Quixote by Richard Strauss. On the other hand, absolute music has no story, such as Beethoven's Symphony number 9.
Aaron Copland sought to make music simple enough that a large audience can make meaning of it. He achieved this by composing a large number of works ranging from film scores to high school students' compositions. Aaron also aspired to compose works that had greater emotional subject matter. He achieved this by studying Arnold Schoenberg's works and personalizing the techniques he had learned.
Trends in contemporary music that have made their way into other genres include the presence of choruses, which is attributed to the classical era. Modern music also uses sequences innovated during the classical period.
The of instruments, applying rhythm and changing melodies develops tension and release.
The original text for Mr. Tambourine was by musician Bob Dylan. John took songs by Bob Dylan and recreated them as poetry. Each poem has an accompanying theme and this becomes the principal focus of the poem that comes next.
This course has broadened my understanding of music. When I listen now, I can identify and appreciate various components of the music.
Johannes Brahms was able to achieve variation through his prolific use of counterpoint and avoidance of repetition This is clear in his composition titled the Hungarian dances (Frisch, 216)
Lesser, Andrew. Music in the romantic era c. 1825-1900
Frisch, Walter. Brahm, Developing variation, and the Schoenberg Critical Tradition. The Regents of the University of California,1982. Print
Hollis, bejamin, 2017. 20 famous composers. The method behind the music. Web. 11 Dec 2012
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