The study was conducted by Patrick J. Fowler, Henry B. David and Katherine E. Marcal in 2015 to assess the parallel impacts of transformations in family formations and stability in homes regarding teenagers in their progression to adulthood. This uncertainty has been functional in the mastery of the fundamental alterations of homes and flexibility from ethnic disparities as well as sociodemographic concerns that extends from the connection between parent and child to the physical disconnection between them. Therefore, from the results and conclusion of the study by Fowler et al. (2015), I believe that teenagers from diverse and unstable families and households are increasingly affected in their developmental performance towards adulthood. Furthermore, young adults staying in homesteads that involve numerous generations represented a high possibility of arrests when compared to teenagers living in homes associated with single-cohorts.
In respect to my perception of the findings and conclusion of study addressed above, my paper aims to support the argument that adolescents experience a range of effects in their development due to risks, and changes associated with both family arrangements and household composition. To evaluate this argument, the structure of the paper shall discuss the benefits and limitations of concerned conditional factors of the results, the aspect of generalization and casual validity of the findings of the research as well as the imperative link of the conclusion and the worldview perspective.
The authors of the study implemented a latent class analysis (LCA) to investigate the impact of organizational changes in family arrangements and mobility in respect of ethnic disparities as well as uncertainties in sociodemographic. In my view the application of the National Longitudinal Study for Adolescent Health data was employed to aid in the enumeration and measurement of the attributes of data from respondents. Also, the data gathered for twelve months was considered optimal. Nevertheless, a six-index technique to determine the people that stayed with the teenagers such as father and mother or single parent, grandparent, and uncle or aunt was applied. This concept was basically to investigate the effect of instability in family and housing components, and it reinforced my conviction of the findings of the study that cumulative and persistent disastrous impacts on psychological wellbeing and behaviour was prevalent to young adults.
Following the design fit indices of Wave I and Wave II groups I perceive that the proof for reliability of the argument is supported by the consideration made on similarity in the family and young-adult demographics and represented a gender balance between male and female youth with a mean age of 13 years. Also, I argue that the correlation between the two groups did not show significant differences from their variables that included age, sex, race-related, distress, education level of the mother and sub-urbanism. In view of consistency with the results Wave I and Wave II indicated a positive correlation in regard to the conclusion and especially the general long-term effects experienced by young-adults. However, Wave III indicated an unreliable aspect of the research, whereby the outcome extreme effects of smoking (43.0%) and indictment (11%) were observed.
Nevertheless, I present that despite the tendency to agree with the findings of Wave I and Wave II in terms of the close association between instability and movement concerns of households and family composition. It is important to acknowledge that the grouping of household structures in the two Waves suffered a precipitous error that render any considerable solution to my argument biased. For instance, stable solutions used for Wave I and Wave II model fit generated a three-class solution that ultimately, not only comprised of a vast class and two minor subgroups but also was observed during the evaluation of ethnic factions (Fowler et al., 2015). Thus indicated that the formation of families was similar despite their background. Besides, following the assessment of single-generation and multigenerational group of family constituents, households with single parents were also included despite their small estimate in both big classes.
Whilst stability is a key factor associated with impacts experienced by young-adults in various structure of families and household constituents, I agree with the findings that an overall estimation of single-generation families (father, mother and teenager) were resilient due to the absence of major movements observed. Although, extended families indicated proportionate minor stability, and potentially had higher chances of transforming into multigenerational families. Consequently, multigenerational households registered as the category with the least level of resilience whereby almost half of the families were shifting to a new household structure. The transition occurred between single-generation and extended families (Fowler et al., 2015).
Moreover, I identified empirical disparities among individual groups of youths in various categories analyzed through demographics. For example, in Wave, I and Wave II, the older teen including those living in cities and African Americans indicated had statistical inferences such as unstandardized coefficients (b=.84), with standard error (SE=.40), p-value significance showing of correlation (p=.04) and odds ratio (OR=2.31). These results inferred a high likelihood to persist in extended families. However, young adults in metropolitan areas showed differences of in their statistical inferences of about b=0.60, SE=0.23, p=0.01 and OR=1.83. Likewise, these results postulated that individuals had high possibilities to live with parents by shifting from extended households. The findings of the research recorded biasness by generalizing the behavioral and cognitive health effect of youths simply by implementing survey data of 12 months only. Accordingly, anticipated changes and movement in family households would only guarantee a single observation and consequently, miss a comprehensive assessment of instability.
The validity concept of the study presents the relevance of the analysis and focuses on the measurement methodology that ensures the variables can be employed. For instance, I argue that family structures in Wave I differed significantly by correlating youths and the possibility of arrests between multigenerational families and households of a single or two parents. Furthermore, there were minimal arrest cases were associated with teenagers from diverse families when compared to single-generation families with a father, mother and teenager. Also, heightened uncertainty in families was predicted to have potential influence among youth resulting to a high prevalence of anguish, smoking, and detainment. However, the action between shifts and lack of resilience in composition had a minor effect on detainment and regular smoking (Fowler et al., 2015). The risks associated with mobility in family components was determined to have relatively low effect on the outcome of young adults in contrast to other parameters of the LCA model. However, the procedure of assessment implemented on sociodemographic effects such as distress, the functional role of females and living in the developed environments appeared to have significant impact to teenagers regardless of failure to conduct accurate predictions that would encompass instability elements like age, race or knowledge of mothers.
In my perspective there are various issues that affect the health of young adults in their life stages, for example there is insecurity is a complicated aspect of the family and relates to issues like addiction, diseases among parents, marriage or divorce, domestic violence and duration of time experienced in poor living standards (Fowler et al., 2015). Therefore, by separating the instability factors of family and housing, it worked towards achieving the results concerning the behavioral and psychological well-being. Besides, through an evaluation of the household composition in regard to instability, I concurred with the indication that all the three Wave classes exhibited a consistent outcome about the importance of a mother or grandmother to influence the change in a family structure. Fathers, on the other hand, brought to the understanding that their role was primarily centered on economic needs and therefore, did not have a significant impact on composition structure fundamental to young-adults (Fowler et al., 2015).
Nevertheless, in my view concerning the relationship between the family circle formation and housing movement within the period of adolescence, it seems to elicit significant negative impacts such as agony, smoking, and detainment. These critical outcomes were conclusive that instability in families was dangerous and had a long-lasting effect on the health of teenagers. Similarly, the issue due to mobility in places of residence at the adolescence period has fundamental implications on teenage results that are higher and broad patterns of household structures. Apparently, correlating these results with recent studies of the development of young adults, the value of peer connections are directly opposite with household influences on various outcomes like well-being, character-wise, and perception (Fowler et al., 2015).
However, I disagree with the notion that by evaluating the formation of a single-generation family the absence of substantial results related to household structure transformations could mirror disparities in household activities and active connection in a healthy child and young-adult advancement that vary throughout the family composition (Fowler et al., 2015).
Moreover, the results disclosed that through dissimilarities between family structures and housing arrangements remains a substantial goal of contemporary research. Separating correlations between specific versions of insecurities and drawbacks of the results generates nuanced outcomes that could be exceptional to adolescent advancement. In essence, I concur that study forms basic attention on family and residential insecurities, in the period of adolescence contrary to early stages of a child. In addition, the disparities between feelings and behavioral findings that tends to indicated extreme repercussions in the lives of young adults (Fowler et al., 2015).
My view on the theoretical aspect of the study begins by assessing the articulation of terms particularly the description of family instability. I argue that the terminology is complex and bears various interpretations that include elements of substandard behavior, inadequate results in academic or psychology of teenagers. Indeed, the definition lacks sufficient weight for a consensus. Furthermore, by investigating the data implemented in the study, there is a relative association because the research focused on dual effects of family alterations and uncertainty in households. Although, I differ with the perception that the study was sufficiently capable to verify actual impacts on adolescents due to limited time of study. Consequently, I concur with the fact that despite the importance of the study, it was not adequate to be applied as a broad concept of adolescents transition to adulthood.
Considerably, I agree with the conception of the study in regards to the adverse consequences that affect young adults during their teenage years and surprisingly, I believe that these effects have potential to progress in their mature adult and senior years. Essentially, my view on this outcome creates a great need to take into considerations the importance concerning family arrangements and household structures. Nevertheless, I believe that the risks associated with mobility of families such as independent household components...
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