Crohns Disease: A Problem-Solution Report

Published: 2021-06-30
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University of Richmond
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Crohns disease is a potentially life-threatening type of infection that causes swelling in the walls of the digestive system. Due to limited knowledge on the disease, it is sometimes misdiagnosed on several occasions. This paper will report on the impact of the disease on its sufferers and one of the newest possible treatments for the condition. About 1.4 million people in America suffer from the Chrons disease, the most cases reported were in people between the ages of 15-30 years, boys had a slightly higher rate as compared to girls. Caucasians and Ashkenazi have a higher rate of Chrons disease as compared to other tribes.

Crohns disease is part of a collective group of diseases known as inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) (Mendall, 11). There are five known types of Crohns disease as explained by Erica in The Healthline.' The first is ileocolitis which is the most common of the five. This disease specifically affects the colon and the ileum, and people who suffer from it experience diarrhea, weight loss, abdomen pain and cramping.

The second type of Crohns disease is fillets which attack the ileum. In addition to Ileocolitis symptoms, the patient is most likely to have inflammatory abscesses, fistulas which form on the lower abdomen (Acta Derm Venereo, 389). Gastroduodenal Crohns disease is the third type which involves the duodenum and the stomach. Patients in this category suffer weight and appetite loss as well as nausea. The fourth in the list is Jejunoileitis which affects the upper half of the ileum. The fifth and the last is Crohns colitis affecting the colon, and the symptoms include joint pain, rectal bleeding, ulcers as well as For

It is necessary to understand how this disease comes about, its nature and some of the options one could consider upon diagnosis. It probably has authored. According to Irwin et al., It is sometimes hard to tell these diseases apart since some overlap in the areas of the body they affect. Symptoms include inflammation of the affected parts, intense abdominal pain, and diarrhea.

According to Mayo clinic, an online website on medicine, Crohns disease affects the digestive system by causing swelling on the digestive track. A patient may feel tired, have a running stomach or lose weight due to poor appetite. The disease affects a person's appetite and can lead to weight loss. It also causes fatigue, diarrhea, and pain in the stomach as explained by Dr.Marcola in "CrohnS Disease And Ulcerative Colitis."

No particular cause can be pointed out as a cause of the disease. However, genetic factors have been identified as a cause of the disease ("Crohn's Disease Causes). Thus people whose relatives have the disease have a higher chance of inheriting the disease. Smoking has also been linked to the causatives of Crohns diseases; hence it is advisable for people to keep off from tobacco use to reduce the chances of acquiring the disease. The abnormal reaction by the immune system has also been found to be a cause of Crohn disease. A person suffering from Crohns infection may also be prone to other risks such as stomach cancer, bleeding in the intestines and obstruction of the digestive track ("Crohn's Disease Complications: Abscess Blockage, Ruptured Intestines, and More."). These complications according to Irwin et al.(n.p) progress with time and age the patient has suffered. Some reasons that are assumed to lead to the infection include the food that we eat such as fries, the condition of our living environment and genetics. People in industrialized areas are more likely to get infected than individuals in the rural area. A person coming from a family with a history of Crohns disease is also at risk of getting the disease ("Crohn's Disease Causes.").

Some of the tests of this disease include colonoscopy and blood test. Medical practitioners use CT scans, blood test, checking the stool and colonoscopy to determine whether someone is suffering from Crohns infection. The test will enable a medical practitioner to determine the exact place that the digestive tract is infected. Other tests may include CT scan and testing of the stool for any traces of blood ("Crohns Disease Treatment & Medication Options)

Though the disease is incurable, Mendall (18) explains some of the treatment options available for the condition to involve taking medications that reduce inflation. Other drugs such as antibiotics and salicylates can also be prescribed depending on the severity of the pain (Gevers 386). Mendall (19) explains that the patient may sometimes fail to respond to medication, and the doctors will resolve to do an operation. Apart from drugs, healthy diet and a support system will also help a patient in his or recovery (Crohns Disease Treatment & Medication Options.). People with Crohns can also lead a healthy lifestyle like those free of the disease only if they exercise regularly, avoid smoking, observe strict diet and keep active. Additionally, the patients should follow the treatment regime strictly so as to ensure proper healing (Gevers, 385). Additional treatment involves diet medication, with the severity of the disease guiding the doctor on what to recommend the patient. To ensure the patient stays healthy, he is advised on the kind of diet to be taking(Crohns and colitis). According to Svolos et al.(2015) for example, Diet is strongly associated with the etiology of Crohns Disease and exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) is the primary induction treatment in pediatric CD. Their study revealed positive opinions around the use of EEN and alternative novel, solid food-based diets (SFDs) expressed by pediatric patients with CD, previously treated with EEN. Recent studies have also shown a positive result in using alternative methods such as Ustekinumab to be effective Parry 4 in treating complications such as Refractory Amicrobial Pustulosis of the Folds which is associated with the Crohns Disease(Acta Derm Venereol, 390). It is also important for a patient to have a good support structure to enable them to heal better as stipulated in WebMD. Crohns disease is a rare but serious condition that affects people of all classes in the society, and with no known causes or cure. Although it is not curable, various treatments options as discussed above can be explored to assist the patients to live and cope with the condition. The seriousness of this disease should be given more attention, considering that the condition is potentially fatal. Different tests can be carried to determine whether someone has Crohns disease.


Acta Derm Venereol .,Ustekinumab as Effective Treatment for Refractory Amicrobial Pustulosis of the Folds Associated With Crohn's Disease. 2017 Mar 10. 97 (3), 389-390 Erica, Cirino. "The Five Types Of CrohnS Disease". Healthline., 2017. Web. 26 Apr. 2017.

Dr. Mercola. "CrohnS Disease And Ulcerative Colitis"., 2017. Web. 26 Apr. 2017.

Gevers, Dirk, et al. "The treatment-naive microbiome in new onset Crohns disease." Cell host & microbe 15.3 (2014): 382-392. Irwin J, Ferguson E, Simms LA, Hanigan K, Carbonnel F, Radford-Smith G., A rolling phenotype in Crohns disease. (2017).

PLoS ONE 12(4): e0174954. pone.0174954 Mayo Clinic.,"Crohns Disease Treatment & Medication Options." Crohns and Colitis'. Web . 19 Apr. 2017

Mendall , Michael A. "Environment and Risk of Crohn's Disease: Comments on The Increasing Weight of Crohn's Disease Subjects in Clinical Trials. Inflammatory bowel diseases. 20.4 (2014): E11-E12.

Svolos V. , Gerasimidis, K. , Buchanan, E., Curtis, L ., Garrick V., Hay, J., Laird, S ., Munro, J ., Gaya, D.R ., Russell, K.R. and Hansen, R . Dietary treatment of Crohns disease: perceptions of families with children treated by exclusive enteral nutrition, a questionnaire survey. (2017). 17:14 DOI 10.1186/s12876-016-0564-7

WebMD. "Crohn's Disease Complications: Abscess, Blockage, Ruptured Intestines, and More." 19 Apr. 2017.


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