Concerning the sensitive outcomes in the healthcare that nurses face, this discussion will focus on MRSA and Hospital-acquired urinary tract infections (CAUTI). MRSA infection is caused by a gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus. MRSA is a common infection that affects both immune-compromised and immune-competent individuals (Solutions Designed For Healthcare, 2017). Patients under the nursing care may be under risk of acquiring MRSA. Following this infection, the patients are placed in the quarantine room for management of this infection. Those patients who get infected with MRSA under the hospital care may have severe infections. MRSA may infect patients through catheters inserted through the skin which facilitates the entry of these bacteria into the body system (Solutions Designed for Healthcare, 2017). UTI is any infection that affects parts of the urinary system. The use of a urinary catheter for the hospitalized patients contributes to urinary tract infection thus referred to as CAUTI (Saint, et al., 2017).
Concerning the prevention of MRSA, the nurses have taken into practice some evidence-based interventions. Some of the ways used by nurses to prevent MRSA infection include; hand hygiene- nurses are encouraged to ensure hand hygiene after handling infectious fluids, objects, and other contaminated items (Solutions Designed For Healthcare, 2017). Use of gloves; when handling patient nurses are encouraged not to share gloves between patients (Lubowitz, & Poehling, 2008). Other measures used to prevent the spread of MRSA as well as ensuring patient safety include the use of PPEs, gowning and lab coats, and appropriate decontamination of hospital devices (Lubowitz, & Poehling, 2008). Regarding prevention strategies, nurses have taken some measures in prevention the incidence of this infection. Among the evidenced-based measures, in the prevention of CAUTI, we have reduced the hospital stay, maintain proper hygiene at the site of catheterization, and minimizing the use of catheters for hospitalized patients (Saint, et al., 2017). Practice measures are also essential in the prevention of CAUTI whereby nurses are encouraged to maintain hygiene of the equipment and other personal protective equipment used when handling the patient (Saint, et al., 2017).
In conclusion, MRSA and CAUTI are sensitive outcomes experience in the hospital care by nurses. The occurrence of these infections is associated with patient management. Concerning the measures that are taken to prevent the infections, hygiene is the most effective evidence-based practice that has improved the patient outcome regarding MRSA and CAUTI. Hygiene in practice involves the application of personal protective equipment and patient hygiene too.
Lubowitz, J. H., & Poehling, G. G. (May 01, 2008). Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus
aureus. Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery, 24, 5, 497-499.
Solutions Designed For Healthcare, (2017). Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
Prevention| Solutions Designed for Healthcare. (2017). Solutions Designed For | Diversey Care. Retrieved 16 April 2017, from http://solutionsdesignedforhealthcare.com/methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa-preventionSaint, S., Kowalski, C., Kaufman, S., Hofer, T., Kauffman, C., & Olmsted, R. et al.
(2017). Preventing Hospital-Acquired Urinary Tract Infection in the United States: A National Study. Retrieved 16 April 2017.
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