Hoyt, T., Rielage, J. K., & Williams, L. F. (2012). Military sexual trauma in men: Exploring treatment principles. Traumatology, 18(3), 29-40. Retrieved from: http://journals.sagepub.com.vlib.excelsior.edu/doi/abs/10.1177/1534765611430724
Hoyt et al. (2012), explores an e area that is not researched on widely. According to various studies, it shows that female experience military sexual trauma at a rate of 20% to 43 %as opposed to their male counterparts (Hoyt et al. (2012). The percentage of men ,however, tend to be representing thousands of individual cases. Despite this number, intervention for post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD regarding male military reaches few people. As required by our study, apart from assessing different treatment interventions for the mens MST, the author has vividly illustrated a model that can be used to integrate empirically based treatment protocols into some of the existing outpatient treatment programs for men. The article is easy to read and understand. The use of subheadings, for instance, gives the reader a hint of what the author is talking about within the document. The use of subheadings is explicitly used when discussing the safety phase of the victims and the reconnection phase. By bringing up the lesson learned in facilitating treatments, the author has been able to use this platform to bring out some of the required recommendation in dealing with the matter. Also, figures and diagrams have been used significantly to illustrate various points, therefore, making it easy to read and follow. The twelve-page article has simple words and can usually be accessed online. The fact that it is a current documentation also makes it relevant to my case study. The authors of the paper are well-experienced researcher from different disciplines implementations.
Lantigua-Williams, J. (2017, November 5). Taking Military Sexual Trauma Seriously. Retrieved from https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2016/09/women-vets-and-mst/498866/
The level of seriousness that surrounds the issues of military sexual trauma (MST) of the past few years has not been that high. The situations are addressed in this article by JuleykaLantigua- Williams. The article is intended for the general reader with the intent to create awareness of the military sexual trauma situation in the military. The reader is first introduced to Eileen Moore, who dedicated her life to the service of the army since she served in the Vietnam War. She offered mentorship to Veterans in the Orange County Community Court. The article addresses the current situation with the army about sexual assault and gives the different percentage of how the condition affects both men and women. Also, the article reveals how less attention is directed towards the women, while research indicates the majority of the women that end up being mentored by Eileen are victims of military sexual trauma. JuleykaLantigua- Williams, the author of the article, explains that the issue on MST is becoming more familiar to the public due to its prevalence among the women who return home from conflict but are unable to fit in due to the sexual trauma. The article also covers few cases about military sexual injuries how the incidences occur and why most cases never see the light. The material is entirely relevant to my research question since it addresses MST and the current situation with the military system. JuleykaLantigua- Williams uses supporting evidence from Eileen Moore a participant in the Military Mentor Program, which makes the information in the article very important for the reader as well as more accurate since the data received is from a reliable source one can refer to. The report also provides a rather straightforward approach to my case with a non-biased explanation of the problem.
Wolff, K. B., & Mills, P. D. (2016). Reporting military sexual trauma: a mixed-methods study of women veterans' experiences who served from World War II to the War in Afghanistan. Military medicine, 181(8), 840-848. Retrieved from:http://militarymedicine.amsus.org/doi/abs/10.7205/MILMED-D-15-00404The authors of the article Kristina B. Wolff and Peter D. Mills, have covered this topic by gathering the relevant information for the research from reputable sources which can be used to evaluate the accuracy of the data present in the article. Data is gathered from different participants who happen to be women in the military, and ninety percent of them were subjected to at least one form of MST. The report covers the main reason as to why most the military sexual trauma cases are never addressed in the military. The intended reader of the material are people who are interested in the following up of military sexual trauma treatment efforts. The authors introduce the issue and how efforts to address military sexual trauma is increasing over the years. The issue has been because of the increase in cases. The articles discuss distinct reasons that led to MST cases against women in the military that are not addressed. Most of the women feared of what was to happen to them in case they raised the issue, for to others no measures were taken even after reporting of such incidences among other reasons. The fear led to fewer reports of such cases in the military. The main reason behind all the is silence among women veterans was due to fear of retaliation, the official ranks of the perpetrators and as seen lack of options to report. The article provides a glimpse of the challenges the female veterans faced and still face while trying to seek assistance because of such incidences. The article is in line with my research questions as it helps shed light on the difficulties the women veterans go in the range of service with very minimal assistance. This article does not provide a solution to my research questions but provides the main reason as to why the solution is hard to get. It helps me get a much deeper understanding of the issue my research question addresses.
Bride, B. E., &Figley, C. R. (2009). Secondary trauma and military veteran caregivers. Smith College Studies in Social Work, 79(3-4), 314-329.
The article by Bride and Figley focuses on those that give care to the military persons after they have experienced different kinds of stress in their line of duties. The authors insist on how the caregivers are given special attention. The author suggests that in line with the particular attention given in understanding and preparing for issues about the military, caregivers should be given more acknowledgements because all the stress the military go through is put on them. The article is written to mostly address researchers, people that make military policies and practitioners. In the report, the author begins by describing what secondary traumatic stress is by first defining what STS is and identifying when it happens. There are also relevant theories and how much STS prevails. The author also writes about protection and risks STS people go through. The author also provides a summary of military veteran caregivers, how to prevent STS and how to mitigate it. There are also several programs that deal with military caregivers in the article. The relevance of this section to the research is on how to deal with people that have undergone military sexual trauma using caregivers that also need the specialized attention since most incidences may cause the caregivers more stress than the veterans.
Skinner, K. M., Kressin, N., Frayne, S., Tripp, T. J., Hankin, C. S., Miller, D. R., & Sullivan, L. M. (2000). The prevalence of military sexual assault among female Veterans' Administration outpatients. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 15(3), 291-310.
In the article, the author focuses on sexual violence experienced by women in the military. The author writes on how much sexual abuse in the military is prevailing and compares. The article is meant to raise awareness on how much the women in the military need protective policies set aside for them. The data in the report is from the Veterans Administration Women Health Project. The projects are assigned in assessing the status of the women who experience sexual violence and are receiving care. The representing data presents the number of women in the military that have had at least one visit to the Veteran Administration facility between 1994 and 1995. About 55%of women in the military report that they have faced a form of sexual violence. About 25% reported having been victims of sexual assault. There are different army experiences and perspectives of health in women that have reported sexual harassment as opposed to those that did not file report on sexual bullying. The prevalence of harassment in the military especially towards women is very high. Screening should be done more often to establish sexual victims immediately the incidences happen. The article is relevant to my research as it gives data on how much women in the military are affected by sexual harassment and assault and also gives a solution of screening to patients that face the vice. The article enlightens us about sexual harassment in the women, therefore, creates awareness on the issue
LeardMann, C. A., Pietrucha, A., Magruder, K. M., Smith, B., Murdoch, M., Jacobson, I. G., & Millennium Cohort Study Team. (2013). Combat deployment is associated with sexual harassment or sexual assault in a large, female military cohort. Women's health issues, 23(4), e215-e223. Retrieved from:http://www.sciencedirect.com.vlib.excelsior.edu/science/article/pii/S1049386713000388
The article deals with an analysis on how the deployment of females in the military affects the numbers of female sexual harassment cases. The study shows that although deployment causes an increase in the cases of sexual harassment is does not contribute significantly to the numbers. The article is for policy makers and interested parties dealing with the causes of the increase in sexual harassment. The article states that the women that were are usually deployed are more likely to report sexual violence against them especially during the combat experiences. The article also analyses the factors that may increase sexual harassment in the women. The age of the women was one of the factors as younger women were more likely to face MST than their older counterparts. Another of the elements was recent separation or divorce. Women who had undergone divorce or separation were even victimized more to MST. Women who had previous records of MST were also more likely to face sexual harassment again. Military women who tested positive for a mental health condition were also more susceptible to suffer MST. The article helps my research as it removes deployment of military women as the factor that influences MTS but also shows other factors that may cause an increase in the number of women facing MTS, therefore, influences policy-makers on where to focus the policies when they are making them.
Rhode, D. L. (2016). Rape on Campus and in the Military: An Agenda for Reform. UCLA Women's LJ, 23, 1
The report focuses on cases of rape in the military, victimization of the victims and the strategies that should be used to deal with MTS The article is meant to aid in policy-making strategies and create awareness on the issue of MTS. In the report, the author shows cases of victimization to the victims that report experiencing sexual harassment. The victims usually face discrimination in that they are shelved for promotions that they deserve. There are also cases of the victims being dismissed, and the cases were forgotten. The other instances are when the victims are questioned very intrusively, therefore, discouraging fellow victims from reporting the crime. The author indicates the strategic reforms the government is implementing to curb MTS. There have been reforms that ensure that the people...
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