Articles Analysis Essay on How and Why Wrongful Convictions Occur

Published: 2021-08-02 11:06:29
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Wesleyan University
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Annotated bibliography
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Huff, C. R., & Killias, M. (Eds.). (2013). Wrongful convictions and miscarriages of justice: Causes and remedies in North American and European criminal justice systems. Routledge.

The book by Huff and Killias states that wrongful convictions occur when innocent individuals are convicted of crimes that they did not commit. These people are even sentenced to jail, and others are given death penalties for crimes that they did not commit. The authors argue that these wrongful convictions are due to the faulty legislature and corruption. They suggest that to avoid wrongful convictions, there should be a legislative change.

Gould, J. B., & Leo, R. A. (2010). One hundred years later: the Wrongful convictions after a century of research. The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 825-868.

This article by Gould and Leo argues that wrongful convictions occur due to the traditional sources of error which include false confessions, eyewitness misidentification, and ineffective assistance of the counsel, tunnel vision, and prejudice testimony.

Smith, B., Zalman, M., & Kiger, A. (2011). How justice system officials view wrongful convictions. Crime & Delinquency, 57(5), 663-685.

This article by Smith et al. suggests that conviction of innocent people is a significant concern in the United States. Like the article by Gould and Leo, it states that wrongful convictions are due to flaws in the justice system. The authors pointed out that the judges, prosecutors, police officials and defense lawyers are the origin of the wrongful convictions due to their errors and inaccuracy.

Covey, R. (2012). Police misconduct as a cause of wrongful convictions. Wash. UL Rev., 90, 1133.

This article by Convey concentrates on one of the causes of wrongful convictions that are talked about in the document written by Smith, the police. The article focuses on the point of police misconduct being the cause of wrongful convictions. It states that many of the illegal sentences are due to police perjury.

Michigan Law, (2017). The Causes of Wrongful Convictions. Available Online At https://www.law.umich.edu/clinical/innocenceclinic/Pages/wrongfulconvictions.aspx/Accessed 28 October 2017

The article by the University of Michigan like the others discussed above claims that wrongful convictions occur when innocent persons are convicted. It states that they occur due to eyewitness misidentification, Junk Science, False Confessions, Bad Lawyering, Snitches and Government misconduct.

References

Covey, R. (2012). Police misconduct as a cause of wrongful convictions. Wash. UL Rev., 90, 1133.

Gould, J. B., & Leo, R. A. (2010). One hundred years later: Wrongful convictions after a century of research. The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 825-868.

Huff, C. R., & Killias, M. (Eds.). (2013). Wrongful convictions and miscarriages of justice: Causes and remedies in North American and European criminal justice systems. Routledge.

Michigan Law, (2017). Causes of Wrongful Convictions. Available Online At: https://www.law.umich.edu/clinical/innocenceclinic/Pages/wrongfulconvictions.aspx/ Accessed 28 October 2017

Smith, B., Zalman, M., & Kiger, A. (2011). How justice system officials view wrongful convictions. Crime & Delinquency, 57(5), 663-685.

 

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