The proposed program is a senior care program. Aging is associated with diseases such as dementia and Alzheimers disease. Additionally, most of the veterans living in Chicago area are aging, and a higher percentage suffers from PSTD, and Alzheimers or dementias. The proposed programs are a gerontology programs or services that would provide assisted living to the veterans in Chicago. While there s similar programs in the areas, this will specifically cater for the veterans
How do clients become involved in the program?
Clients become involved in the programs by their experience in the army or disciplined services. They can be brought by their relatives or come along or sent to the programs by their referrals or VA
What activities does it involve?
The programs involve a wide range of activities. For example, the program will offer nursing care, housekeeping and prepare a meal to the clients as needed. There will also be specialists to provide a wide range of services including physiotherapy. Other programs include recreational and social activities, linen service, as well as apartment maintenance and transportation.
What outcomes does the program aim to achieve concerning the focal client population?
The outcomes of the programs is to help aging maintain independence by providing age appropriate programs and services in an affordable, accessible, safe and supportive environment
In what ways does the program fit with the agency's overall goals and expand the agency's goals?
The programs fit with the broader agency's goals of providing care to the aging community. In consideration of the fact that the aging community is a burden to their next of kinds, the programs take care of the clients aging relatives to allow them time to go on with their day to day activity assurgent them of care, support, and protection in the long term.
How does (or could) the program or service focus on promoting clients self-efficacy?
According to Bandura, self-efficiency refers to the individuals belief in his capabilities. Self-efficiency is associated with the thought patterns of self-motivation. People with high self-efficiency tend to believe that they can succeed in the related activities (Hutchison, 2015). Potter (2004) argued that to promote the veterans self-efficacy, it is important to help them form positive thoughts about their capabilities. The service is supposed to help the veterans believe that they are still the young, energetic and independent people they were before and not the assisted living residents. Self-efficacy can be formed in one of the four strategies below: personal accomplishments, vicarious experiences, verbal persuasion and physiological state.
How does the concept of self-efficacy relate to the programs intended outcomes?
The concept of self-helps related to the programs intended outcomes because it seeks to help the clients regain their independence. Instead of employing people to take care of the veterans at home under constant supervision, they are put in the center where they can meet other veterans. Those suffering from Alzheimers diseases and dementia can socialize, interact and engage in wide range of recreational activities. To help the clients improve their self-efficacy, the center will use both personal accomplishment and verbal persuasion. Verbal persuasion will involve verbal cues and feedbacks about their success and improvement in specific domains such as interaction (Hutchison, 2015). Potter (2004) reported that veterans who suffer from PTSD would be rewarded, applauded and motivated. On the other hand, those aging people suffering from Alzheimers diseases would also be put in interactive groups where they can recount their accomplishments and promoting active aging
Choice 3A: identify one primary way in which the psychodynamic perspective differs from the social cognitive perspective.
A psychodynamic perspective is different from the social cognitive perspective in that psychodynamic perspective is mainly concerned with the systematic study of the client's psychology forces that drive the human behaviors. Their feelings as well as emotions in relation to their early experiences. On the other hand, the social cognitive approach is mainly concerned with learning and argues that people learn through interaction with theirs. For example, while psychodynamics perspective focuses on the individuals history, the cognitive perspective focuses on the environment of interaction (Flaherty, & Sadler, 2011).
To what extent does or could the program draw on this unique emphasis of the psychodynamic perspective?
To draw on the psychodynamic perspective, it is important to focus on the interaction between the dynamics and psyche. For example, the unconscious psychological processes that drive a persons behaviors and thought process (Muccino, 2006). The progress will try to evaluate how the clients childhood experiences shape their adult personality and how these experiences are contributing to the customer's current conditions.
Discuss the extent to which you believe this emphasis helps (or could help) the program (or a complementary program/service) to achieve its intended outcomes.
This emphasis can significantly help the programs in achieving the program's outcomes. Many aging veterans could age gracefully if their situations are examined from the psychological perspective. For example, PTSD is also associated with childhood experiences, and by understanding these childhood experiences of a veteran, they can help to shape their thought process to avoid the occurrence of puts and offer the right level of care.
Choice 4A: According to Erikson's theory of psychosocial development, in what developmental stage are most of the clients? Describe this stage fully, making sure to show a deep understanding of Erikson's approach to lifespan human development.
Most of the veterans are in Erik Erikson's 8 Stages of Psychosocial Development (maturity). The veterans are 65 years old and above, and this stage starts from 65 years to death. The conflict at this stage is known as integrity vs. despair, and the most important event at this stage is evaluation, and reflection on ones life and acceptance of ones life. At the programs, most of the veterans would be reflecting upon their life and either regressing and accepting themselves as failures or achievers depending pun their lifes outcomes. Most of the people will positively reflect on their lives. It is in this state that most people achieve a sense of integrity as they come to accept themselves and come to terms with the possibility of death. Those who cannot undo the past their past to achieve a level of satisfaction with themselves tend to despair (Howard, 2014). The element for positive time includes positive feeling about filament in life, and they are ready to accept death as an inevitable reality.
How could (or does) the program incorporate insights regarding this developmental stage to help it achieve its intended outcomes?
The programs will incorporate insights regarding stage eight by providing a good environment for interaction and socialization. The aging people need to feel at peace, have fun and obtain a feeling of personal fulfillment. The clients get an opportunity to write there will solve family issues and never regret some of their failure in life. The goal is to provide them with the best care and assure them of a good family life after their demise. The programs will help the clients achieve ego integrity, pride, and accomplishment. Harlow, & Zimmermann (1959) argued that sometime, creating a happy environment and at times allowing them to socialize with younger children the age of their grand children to tell their story and feel appreciated.
Describe in your own words the primary insights of symbolic interactions
Symbolic interactions is one of the micro- level theoretical perspective that aims to address the way people create and maintain their society via face to face repeated and meaningful interaction. The main characteristics of symbolic interaction include the symbols, change, and adjustment, interaction as well as empirical backing. Symbols are extensively used by people in their communication and people associate meaning with the symbols, through interpretation, action, and interactions. Symbols can be fixed or flexible. As the people interact with each other and the society as a while, they form and become part of social norms. The veterans can form habits, routines and acquire shared meaning as they interact with other. Most aging people use symbols to communicate. Therefore, if veterans are put together they form a community of people who interact coherently, and this helps them improve their moods.
According to symbolic interactions, through what processes is the program/service likely to achieve its intended outcomes?
Based on the symbolic interactionism, the concept of selfhood has three key implications that must be taken into consideration. For example, as the clients can engage themselves in interaction helping them develop a concept of themselves they take a different perspective by understanding the struggles that other veterans go through (Page, 2011). The general human interaction and act towards themselves provides them with inner experiences which may not be overtly expressed but has a mental impact. As they continue to develop their self concept, they increasingly self-direct and end up controlling their behavior, impulses and are likely to interact more with other thereby getting more utility, benefits from interacting with others with similar experiences (Peterson, & Boswell, 2015).
Having much seniors or veterans in one central place allow them to interact with one another and so much time as they are in a healthy, supportive, and safe setting, they can learn a lot and come to appreciate each others struggle in as much as they develop the concept of self. The social process has two major emergents, the mind, and self. If these two emergent interact, self-fulfillments is realized, and this is why assisted living quarters, long term care homes are established to create a room for people to develop shared meaning, mad just and become an active social world through mutual response and adjustment
Flaherty, S., & Sadler, L. (2011). A Review of Attachment Theory in the Context of Adolescent Parenting. Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 25(2), 114- 121. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pedhc.2010.02.005
Hutchison, E. (2015). Dimensions of Human Behavior: The Changing Life Course (5th ed.). Los Angeles [etc.]: Sage.
Page, T. (2011). Attachment theory and social work treatment. In F.J. Turner (Ed.), Social work treatment: Interlocking theoretical approaches, 5th ed. (pp. 30a47). New York: Oxford University Press.
Potter, C. (2004). Gender differences in childhood and adolescence. In P. Allen-Meares & M. Fraser (Eds.), Intervention with children and adolescents: An interdisciplinary perspective (pp. 54-79). Boston: Allyn & Bacon
Muccino G. (2006). The Pursuit of Happyness. United States.
Howard, J. (2014). The importance of play. Found Early Child Princ Pract, 1(22), 20-45.
Peterson, D., & Boswell, N. (2015). Play Therapy in a Natural Setting: A Case Example. Journal of Creativity in Mental Health, 10(1), 62-76.
Harlow, F., & Zimmermann R. (1959) Affectional responses in the infant monkey. Science Volume 130, (3373) (p. 421-432)
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